With a view to avoid man-animal conflict, the Central government has issued a Final Notification for an Eco-Sensitive Zone spread across an area of 59.46 sq kms (of which 19.25 sq km is forest land and 40.21 sq km is non-forest land) in Sanjay Gandhi National Park in Mumbai. Announcing the decision, Anil Madhav Dave, Minister of State (Independent Charge), Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India, said, "After completing all processes, the final notification has been done. Now from its boundary, 100 metres to upto 4 kms, we have marked it. The extent (of ESZ) varies at different places taking into consideration its geographical area. No construction will take place in this (ESZ) area”.
The Eco-Sensitive Zone has a minimum extent of 100 mtrs and maximum extent of up to 4 km from the Park boundary. The objective of notifying Eco-Sensitive Zones is to create a buffer as further protection around Protected Areas (PAs) such as national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
The Notification also provides that in areas around Housing Societies and with high human habitation, and in view of the fact that the National Park has a large population of leopards; a high wall with fencing may be erected to ensure that man-animal conflict is avoided.